High levels of homocysteine in the blood may promote plaque buildup in the blood vessels that can lead to serious cardiovascular problems, risk of atherosclerosis and subsequent coronary artery disease, (CAD).
What Raises the Levels of Homocysteine?
Family history, age and gender
Chronic kidney disease
Family history of heart disease
High cholesterol levels
Vitamin B12 /folic acid deficiency
Test Prep: Fasting 12 Hours a Must!
An elevated concentration of homocysteine is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. When used in conjunction with methylmalonic acid (MMA), these tests are useful to diagnose and monitor vitamin B12 (cobalamin) and folic acid deficiency and are often useful in evaluating macrocytosis (an elevated MCV, an erythrocytic index).